Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
Ellis posited though although patients may think their emotional distress is precipitated by an activating event, distress is actually caused by one’s beliefs about the event (Thorpe & Olson, 1997). Throughout treatment, patients are encouraged to dispute the irrational (and therefore unhelpful) beliefs that exacerbate emotional distress.
Therapists utilizing REBT techniques may take an active and directive approach in order to assist patients in challenging their irrational beliefs. Patients may be encouraged to consider viewing their problems from a different perspective, model individuals who display a desired behavior, or discriminate between “belief” and “fact”. REBT can be effective in treating a variety of issues including but not limited to anxiety, phobias, relationship problems, anger management difficulties, depression, and poor impulse control.